Top 16 Historical places in Bangladesh to Visit in 2023

Bangladesh may appear to be a new country, but it has a rich past that allows you to fulfill your desire to visit ancient monuments. Bangladesh is rich in history as well as assets as a result of the rule of the Mughal Empire and the British East India Company. Several Historical places in Bangladesh is bearing our culture and heritage.

Bangladesh is rich in both natural and old historical treasures. These locations have a lot of history and recollections from the past that change throughout time. For your convenience, we’ve compiled a list of some historical places in Bangladesh. So, continue reading to learn more about historical monuments in Bangladesh.


15 Historical places in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is a treasure trove of historical places, each with its unique stories and cultural significance. Let’s explore the top 15 Historical places in Bangladesh


1.     Ahsan Manzil

This is the historic residence of Jamalpur’s previous zamindar. Sheik Enayet Ullah constructed it in the last decades of the eighteenth century. It was constructed on a sizable plot that served as Sheik Enayet Ullah’s vacation home. The Sheik Enayet Ullah’s son sold the French traders this magnificent land. After the French were vanquished, the English seized control of all the French-held estates.

The original French building was later converted by Ahsanullah into a two-story structure while maintaining its resemblance to the “Rangmahal.” The doom became known as “Ahsan Manzil” after being included in the mahal’s renovation. It is a lovely, calm, and secluded location that shields you from the oppressive summer heat.


2.      National Memorial

The National Memorial is one of Savar’s most beautiful as well as historical places, which is close to Dhaka [Dhaka to Aricha Highway]. It was established in 1971 to honor the memories of the seven most important war heroes of the Liberation War. This impressive memorial was created by structural engineer and architect Syed Mainul Hossain of Bangladesh.

The monument is made up of 7 distinct sections that stand proudly together to symbolize the 7 War Heroes. The facility is quite large, covering 84 acres. On December 16, Victory Day, a national parade, a scouting show, anthems from the Liberation War, and accompanying festivities are presented here. Furthermore, it receives frequent visits from the general public.


3.     Lalbagh Fort

The Lalbagh Fort stands as a testament to centuries of Mughal history, exuding an aura of ancient grandeur. Nestled beside the tranquil River Buriganga, it ranks among the oldest Mughal forts. This architectural marvel was initiated by the Mughal Subahdar Muhammad Azam Shah, the esteemed son of Emperor Aurangzeb. However, the fort’s construction remained incomplete, leaving behind a fascinating tale of what might have been.

Beyond its physical splendor, the Lalbagh Fort shrouds itself in enigmatic history and mysteries of the past. Legends speak of hidden tunnels beneath its walls, through which many brave soldiers attempted daring escapes during The Sepoy Revolution in 1857, only to face their untimely demise. Intriguingly, British soldiers who tried to follow these tunnels disappeared without a trace. The subsequent sealing of the tunnels added to the mystique surrounding this historical site.


4.      Somapura Mahavihara

Somapura Mahavihara, located in Paharpur, Bangladesh, is an ancient Buddhist monastery dating back to the 8th century. This UNESCO World Heritage Site is a remarkable testament to the rich cultural heritage of the region. The grand structure combines Indian and Southeast Asian architectural styles, boasting intricately carved terracotta ornamentation.

The main temple, surrounded by 172 smaller cells, once served as an esteemed center of Buddhist learning, attracting scholars from far-flung lands. Its historical significance and architectural brilliance make it a captivating destination for history enthusiasts and travelers alike. Somapura Mahavihara stands as a symbol of the flourishing intellectual and spiritual pursuits of ancient Bengal, inviting visitors to immerse themselves in the echoes of a bygone era.


5.     Shalban Vihar

This is one of the ruins at Mainamati that are dedicated to Buddhism. It has been written that Mainamati was a major Buddhist center between the seventh and the eleventh centuries. Bhava Deva, the fourth king of the Deva Dynasty, constructed this site. 115 monks were able to live there together because of the building’s true hue, which is flame-like.

After the archaeological investigation, it was identified as a Buddhist Monastery. It had previously been identified as Shalban Rajar Bari. It was given the name Shalban Vihar after the discovery of terracotta as well as copper artifacts. It is one of the illustrious Buddhist monasteries that has a distinguished history dating to the early eighth century.


6.     The Liberation War Museum

The Liberation War Museum, situated in the heart of central Dhaka, stands as a poignant tribute to the heroic saga of the Bangladesh Liberation War, a pivotal chapter in the nation’s history that culminated in its independence from Pakistan in 1971. Established in 1996, this revered institution houses an extensive collection of more than 21,000 artifacts, each a poignant reminder of the war’s significance and its profound impact on the lives of the Bangladeshi people.

As visitors step into the museum’s four galleries, they are taken on an emotional journey through time, immersing themselves in the struggles and sacrifices made during the war. The exhibits include an array of artifacts, ranging from weapons that once echoed with battle cries to personal belongings that tell the stories of individual lives affected by the conflict. Photographs and videos further enrich the narrative, offering a glimpse into the past and the resilience of the human spirit.


7.     Hazrat Shahjalal Mazar

Hazrat Shahjalal (R), a renowned saint in the subcontinent, held a prominent position as an Islamic preacher in the Sylhet region. The legend goes that Sheikh Burhanuddin, the first Muslim in Sylhet, faced oppression from Raja Gaur Govind. In response, Hazrat Shahjalal (R) and a group of 360 saints journeyed to Sylhet, marking a significant event in our country’s history.

The sacred Majar Sharif (shrine) of Hazrat Shahjalal (R) holds immense reverence, making it a place of deep spiritual importance rather than a tourist attraction. It commands profound respect, with visitors required to dress modestly before entering. Proper attire becomes imperative as the holy sanctum sanctifies the atmosphere, making it an abode of piety and devotion.

With its rich spiritual heritage, the Majar Sharif invites devotees to seek solace and blessings. The aura of sanctity within its walls imparts a sense of humility and reverence to all who pay homage to this revered saint.


8.     Mahasthangarh

Nestled in the picturesque village of Rajasthan, the ancient site of Mahasthangarh unveils a treasure trove of historical wonders. Named after its fort-like structure, Mahasthangarh was first brought to light by the renowned physician Francis Buchanan Hamilton in 1808. This extraordinary location stands as a remaining fragment of the once-thriving village, ‘Pundra Nagar,’ which flourished until the 8th century.

Today, Mahasthangarh has evolved into a captivating tourist destination, carefully preserving its natural mountainous charm. Amidst this scenic beauty, visitors are immersed in centuries-old history, marveling at the remnants of a bygone era. The site has yielded remarkable discoveries, including ancient coins, ceramics, and a limestone slab, offering intriguing insights into the lifestyles of the people who once inhabited this land.


9.     Shat Gombuj Mosque

The Shat Gambuj Masjid, also known as the Shat Gombuj Mosque, is located in Bagerhat, which is part of the Khulna division. It is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site and is the biggest mosque in Bangladesh. Before that, Saint General Khan Jahan Ali established a Muslim colony and began constructing multiple mosques in the middle of the 15th century.

In the end, construction of the Shat Gombuj Mosque began in 1442 and was finished in 1459. There are two towers there, and inside of those are 77 little domes. The roof is supported by 60 stone pillars as well. Additionally, there is a system for adequate ventilation and lighting, which creates a healthy sensation. The finest archeological relic of the subcontinent from that era is said to be this mosque.


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10.  Shaheed Minar

The Shaheed Minar stands as a source of immense pride for the people of Bengal, a poignant tribute to the great language martyrs. It symbolizes the profound connection to the history of Bangladesh’s mother language. Situated near Dhaka Medical College, Shahbag, this iconic monument was masterfully designed and built by Bangladeshi sculptors Hamidur Rahman and Novera Ahmed.

Every year, on the 21st of February, International Mother Language Day, crowds flock to the Shaheed Minar, bearing flowers and walking barefoot as a mark of respect. On this solemn occasion, the nation remembers the courageous martyrs and their invaluable sacrifices. The Shaheed Minar serves as a sacred space where people come to forge a deep bond with their country and pay heartfelt homage to those who laid down their lives for the preservation of their language and identity.


11.  Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban

Sher-e-Bangla Nagar’s Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban, or Parliament House is another Historical place in Bangladesh. The development of this parliament house began in 1961 under the direction of the Pakistani government. The Pakistani government aspired to have separate federal legislatures for East and West Pakistan. For it, they want a unique design.

Louis Khan, a well-known architect, designed the Jatiya Sangsad Bhaban. It is among the most beautiful 20th-century architectural landmarks. To provide a fantastic perspective from the outside, the building made extensive use of geometric forms. This monument’s construction was finished in 1982. The facility has a total size of around 200 acres. The Aga Khan Award was given to this structure for its outstanding design.


12.  Wari-Bateshwar

Located in the Narshingdi district of Bangladesh, the Wari-Bateshwar region stands as a remarkable archaeological site and a historical place in Bangladesh. Unveiling the remnants of an ancient fort city, artifacts found here suggest its existence dating back to approximately 2000 BC to 450 BC. Situated near the villages of Wari and Bateshwar, this site holds immense archaeological significance, challenging previous notions of early urban civilization in Bengal.

Interestingly, Wari-Bateshwar raises the intriguing possibility of being the world’s oldest known place with a money-based currency system. As excavations continue, the site sheds light on Bangladesh’s captivating past, an enigmatic history that captivates all who delve into its depths. The unfolding discoveries within the Wari-Bateshwar region provide a glimpse into the ancient roots of this fascinating country, unraveling tales of bygone eras and igniting curiosity about the rich heritage it holds.


13.  Kotila Mura

Kotila Mura, which is located in the Comilla area, was most likely constructed in the 7th century and was the final stupa to be erected in the 13th century AD in the typical Buddhist stupa form. The three stupas were constructed atop Lalmai Ridge’s tallest mound. Stupas served as locations for meditation in addition to serving as homes for priceless or relic-like Buddhist objects.

In terms of culture and architecture, Kotila Mura is still important in Bangladesh. The single entrance to the shrine is to the east, which opens up to a large hall. A collection of artifacts discovered there, such as terracotta plaques, bronze figures, 4th-century silver and gold coins, jewelry, and stupas inscribed with Buddhist symbols, may be seen in the local museum, which is next to the Salban Vihara site.


14.  Shilaidaha Kuthibari

When Rabindranath Tagore lived in Shilaidaha Kuthibari, the rural home built by his grandpa Dwarkanath Tagore, he produced a large number of poetry and short tales. In the Khushtia District’s Kumarkhali Upazila is where you’ll find this renowned historical site. Shilaidaha Kuthibari is a three-story, pyramid-shaped structure with a terrace. The 11-acre compound’s focal point is the structure.

While residing in this country, Rabindranath produced the majority of his literary classics and rendered several of them into English. Shilaidaha Kuthibari has since been transformed into a museum called the “Tagore Memorial Museum” which showcases several items used by Tagore. On the anniversary of Tagore’s birth, a five-day celebration is also celebrated here.


15.  The Armenian Church

The Armenian Church is an architectural treasure located in Dhaka. The fact that it was constructed in 1781 is evidence of the large number of Armenians who made Dhaka home throughout the 17th and 18th centuries. The church is now maintained by an Armenian guy. Armenians were crucial to the enormous trade in Dhaka.

The church is now being preserved and its cultural value is being upheld by the Department of Archaeology within Bangladesh’s Ministry of Cultural Affairs. Every day guests are welcome in the church, which frequently holds civic activities. Enter this stunning structure and take in the architecture while learning about Bangladesh’s Armenian population.


16.  Tajhat Rajbari

Tajhat Rajbari or Tajhat Jamidar Bari is the historical palace on this list of the best Historical places in Bangladesh. This historical place is located in Tajhat near Rangpur city in Bangladesh which is now used as a museum. It is an attractive place for the tourists of Rangpur. The palace is located 3 km southeast of Rangpur city.

The Tajhat Jamidar Bari was built by Maharaja Kumar Gopal Lal Roy in the early 20th century.n Maharaja Gopal Roy was a Hindu and a goldsmith by profession. The area is said to be known as Tajhat because of its mesmerizing ‘taj’ or crown. From 1984 to 1991 AD, the palace was used as a branch or bench of the Rangpur High Court, Bangladesh Supreme Court.


Wrap Up

Bangladesh boasts a wealth of historical places that paint a vivid tapestry of its rich past. From the ancient archaeological site of Mahasthangarh to the iconic Shaheed Minar, each place holds a unique significance. The cultural heritage of Wari-Bateshwar and the spiritual allure of Kotila Mura in Comilla add to the allure. Visitors can delve into the nation’s history at the Liberation War Museum and marvel at the ancient fort city of Wari-Bateshwar. Historical places in Bangladesh provide a captivating journey through the ages, unveiling the enduring legacy of Bangladesh’s past.

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